Around 2000 B.C. the presence of some early stone particles were discovered in this region. Bonism was the initial religion followed by people in this region. Around 7th century tibetan King Songten Gampo introduced Buddhism which was more strengthened by Guru Rinpoche. Who is also regarded as second Buddha.
Besides, the country used to have various different names as:
- Lho Jong
- Lho mon kha Shi
- The valley of the south
- Lho jong men jong
- The southern mon country of four approaches
- The southern Mon valleys where sandlewoods grows etc.
Meanwhile, during 17th century the country was dominant of the religion, Drukpa sect of Buddhism even the name of the country was named as Druk Yul or The Land of the Drukpa’s.
Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel, unified the country during 17th century defeating Tibetan invasions and establishing the system of governance and law. He travelled from Tibet to Bhutan.
But soon after his demise, local rulers started the war for power and throne. There was a civil war between the local kings.
Later, with the help and support of local people, Trongsa Poenlop Ugyen Wangchuck was able to gain control and established himself as Bhutan’s first hereditary King in 1907. He also became the first Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King) and set up the Wangchuck Dynasty that still rules today.
In 2008, with the motive of safeguarding the rights of citizens, Bhutan enacted its Constitution and converted it to the democracy. Later in November of the same year, 5th Druk Gyalpo Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck was crowned. Who is still ruling the nation.